Exploring the Sequence-based Prediction of Folding Initiation Sites in Proteins.

TitleExploring the Sequence-based Prediction of Folding Initiation Sites in Proteins.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsRaimondi, D, Orlando, G, Pancsa, R, Khan, T, Vranken, WF
JournalScientific reports

Protein folding is a complex process that can lead to disease when it fails. Especially poorly understood are the very early stages of protein folding, which are likely defined by intrinsic local interactions between amino acids close to each other in the protein sequence. We here present EFoldMine, a method that predicts, from the primary amino acid sequence of a protein, which amino acids are likely involved in early folding events. The method is based on early folding data from hydrogen deuterium exchange (HDX) data from NMR pulsed labelling experiments, and uses backbone and sidechain dynamics as well as secondary structure propensities as features. The EFoldMine predictions give insights into the folding process, as illustrated by a qualitative comparison with independent experimental observations. Furthermore, on a quantitative proteome scale, the predicted early folding residues tend to become the residues that interact the most in the folded structure, and they are often residues that display evolutionary covariation. The connection of the EFoldMine predictions with both folding pathway data and the folded protein structure suggests that the initial statistical behavior of the protein chain with respect to local structure formation has a lasting effect on its subsequent states.